- Protection is important, especially in places where June brings storms with hail and strong wind and rain. Have a supply of plastic milk cartons with the bottom cut out to protect transplanted seedling should inclement weather arise. Use cloches or hooped covers to protect seedlings from storms. Anchor any protection well so it doesn’t blow away.
- Watering can also be critical, Seedlings quickly succumb to dry soil so check soil conditions frequently and be sure they get enough water. Newly germinated plants require delicate watering … consider a mister nozzle. Thoroughly watering garlic and onions now will mean bigger, better bulbs later. Water deeply planted veggies like tomatoes thoroughly to encourage early growth.
- Practice succession planting. If your lettuce has been in a week or two, it’s time to plant more. Heat resistant varieties of greens are best for planting now. A second planting of bush beans put in the ground once the first planting has emerged will help extend your harvests.
- Mow frequently enough to remove no more than 1/3 of the blade at a time. Maintain 3 inch mowing height.
- Prune spring blooming if not done already – azaleas, rhododendrons, forsythia, spirea.
- Removing spent blooms. “Deadheading” will encourage some perennials to rebloom and keep annuals blooming all summer. Besides, the garden looks better without those dead flowers and seed heads.
- Thinning out fruit trees. Apples, pears and peaches should be thinned before the fruit is larger than a nickel. Remove excess fruit until fruits are 4 to 6 inches apart.
- Vegetables need a regular supply of fertilizer. Apply light doses of nitrogen – containing fertilizer 5 or 6 weeks after planting.
- Use balanced, organic fertilizers around flowers. Fertilize annuals with liquid fertilizer to promote continuous blooming.
- Stake tall perennials and tomatoes. Use pine needle mulch for blueberries.
- Cut back perennials such as dianthus, veronica and other similar shrubby varieties, to will possibly produce a second bloom.
- You can make softwood cuttings of shrubs this month through July. You may still plant container grown shrubs.
- Plant broccoli seed for fall harvest.
- Move house plants outside to a shady, protected spot and lightly feed with half strength fertilizer. Mulch perennials and roses to keep down weeds and conserve moisture.
- Lookout for Japanese beetles either early or late in the day and shake them into a bucket of soapy water. Put annuals outside. Move amaryllis outside.
- Pinch leading stems of chrysanthemums to encourage bushiness and blossoms. Do this every 6 inches as they grow.
- Hang sticky-ball traps to control apple maggot flies. Stop cutting asparagus when new spears get pinkie-finger thin. Let them grow into ferns.
- Have extra seed? Don’t just leave it in the package on a shelf in your garage. Most seed will survive a season or more if kept in a tightly closed glass jar. You can help keep those seeds dry by folding up some milk powder inside a small square of paper towel and including it in the jar.
- Order autumn bulbs.
MAINE VEGETABLE GARDENING: KEEP YOUR GARDEN GROWING – PLANT FROM SPRING TO FALL
|Early Spring||Midspring||Early Summer||Midsummer to Fall|
|Plant as soon as the ground can be worked||Plant two weeks before the average last frost date||Plant when soil & sun are warm||Plant in late June-early July|
|Plant 1 Week Later||Plant In Early August|
Plant 10 Weeks Before Last Frost
*Plants are set out later than seeds as sown because hot weather is not favorable for growth
|Planting Seeds Indoors||Weeks To Sow Indoors Before Last Frost||Weeks To Germination||Set Out Transplants|
|Broccoli||5-7||1-2||After frost, late summer|
|Brussel Sprouts||4-6||1-2||After frost, late summer|
|Cabbage||5-8||1-2||After frost, late summer|
|Cauliflower||5-8||1-2||After frost, late summer|
|Cucumbers||2-3||1-2||2 weeks after frost|
|Eggplant||8-9||2-3||Midspring, early summer|
|Leeks||10-12||2-3||Mid to late spring|
|Head Lettuce||3-5||2-3||After frost|
|Peppers||8-10||1-2||Mid to late spring|
|Tomatoes||6-8||2-3||Mid to late spring|